In Bruno Mars' new hit song, The Lazy Song, he perfectly demonstrates aspects from Chapter 10 (Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation). According to our textbook, people generally prefer immediate incentives over delayed incentives. When the amount of the incentive and the delay of the incentive are combined, people generally prefer the small immediate incentive over the larger delayed incentive.
Bruno Mars describes what he feels like doing on his lazy day - which is nothing at all. He states that tomorrow he'll do some P90X (among other activities) with a really nice girl. He clearly picks the small immediate incentive, relaxing on his couch in his Snuggie, rather than exercising today. Bruno Mars also says that he might get a college degree and make his dad proud but his dad is just going to have to wait. Again, he chooses the small immediate incentive.
My best friend is the epitome of someone who chooses small immediate incentives over larger delayed incentives. She will procrastinate writing a paper until midnight of the night before it's due. She would rather be Facebook stalking people or catching up on episodes of TV shows (the small immediate incentives) she's missed. I always get a text message at midnight before we have a paper due saying "I'm just starting the paper!" - I get stressed out for her! No matter how hard I try, she always tells me she works better under the pressure of knowing that it needs to be done. Maybe the stress of working under so much pressure puts her in something like the perfect zone of optimal functioning but for school work.