Wednesday, November 30, 2011
I never knew that there were three categories of arousal or that behavior depends on the interaction between the internal motive and an external incentive. I have learned so much including; how personality , moods and emotions, stress, homeostasis, and arousal are all related to motivation. I did not even know that motivation was connected to most of these things until taking the class. It is crazy just how much affects motivation.
To be motivated is to be moved by an action, behavior, or change in an action or behavior. Motives push a person into action toward an end state. One thing that I really enjoy about motivational psychology was that it was easily related to my former pseudoscience class. One of the articles I posted about was "The Luck Factor." The beginning of this article talks about different superstitions and myths that have been around for centuries and that so many people believe in. This was always a major topic in pseudoscience. It also talks about how many people carry good luck charms like rabbits' feet and how they believe that things like breaking a mirror or walking under a ladder will bring them bad luck and misfortune. However, through this class, I have learned that we actually create our own luck. When we are motivated and strive to succeed we can reach our goals. Having a positive attitude and living life to the fullest is what makes you feel lucky and fortunate. If you have a negative attitude and treat every little issue like it is a disaster then you are going to feel like you are unfortunate and unlucky and that nothing good will ever come your way. Through learning about emotions, moods, and stress related to motivation, my outlook on luck is that being truly lucky is loving and living life to the fullest and having a positive and appreciative attitude. It is just so interesting how motivation is so easily related to so many aspects of life.
Link 1 - This link is more related to what my new beliefs on luck are.
Link 2- This link is much more entertaining.
Tuesday, November 29, 2011
Sunday, November 27, 2011
Maslow's theory offers a great way to see two types of motivation fuctioning within the same theory. One part is biological motivation while the other is psychological motivation, while humans get motivation from both sources throughout their life Maslow's theory tends to believe that the biological motivations are stronger than the others because people can not survive without the bilogical nesecities and therfor no others sources of motivation matter until the first are met.
The other interesting part of Wiseman's article was the effect that people felt that lucky charms had on them because I have carried one for almost my entire life, and very rarly if ever have it away from me. What I found interesting was that people found no positive difference in holding the charm as compared to when they were not holding the charm. The oposite effect was far more likely and people felt that the charm had been bringing bad luck if it was bringing any luck at all and were relieved when they could return the charm and no longer had to wear it.
Tuesday, November 22, 2011
As the article states, 72% of Americans have a good luck charm- meaning they are at least somewhere superstitious. I am part of that 72%. I will not talk about a car accident when Im in the car, I get nervous when a black car runs in front of my car, and I think butterflies will bring good 'luck'. I know that these things arent going to significanty alter my life but its still a thought that runs through my head. I think its crazy when people truly alter their entire lives based on their superstitions.
The article also talks about people who are constantly lucky and people will constant misfortune. They generate their own good fortune and I was glad to read that in the article as well. People may think they are unlucky because they have been playing the lottery for years and still havent won. That doesnt mean you are unlucky whatsoever. The people who consider themselves lucky are the ones who make up their own luck (like jack in the Titanic:-)) If you believe that life is a gift and you dont want to waste it, you will receive that good fortune and good luck.
The newspaper study was really interesting. I suppose that the people who are lucky, who have a high opinion of themselves and life, are able to stop and smell the roses, or read the pictures in this case.
I still believe in luck but in the sense that I may find a 20 dollar bill on the ground and my day would be great the rest o the day. If I shatter a mirror (which ive done numerous times) my life will not be over.
Monday, November 21, 2011
Sunday, November 20, 2011
Saturday, November 19, 2011
Friday, November 18, 2011
I could not agree more with Wiseman's message; one who is determined to alter their luck into something more positive must focus on positive outcomes and positive remedies to their current situation if it is in need of improvement. Relying on superstitious beliefs is not only unreliable in terms of luck, it is an ancient, non-contemporary view of how luck was originally perceived to be obtained, something that has been proven to be untrue by today's standards. In essence, with a good mindset comes good luck!
Thursday, November 17, 2011
Wiseman’s article was very informative and interesting. I personally believe in superstitious things only because is part of life. I knock on wood when I say something bad, I sometimes do certain things because I believe they can change my circumstances but I know is not guaranteed. The article makes complete sense in terms of lucky and unlucky people; I used to think that certain people are just meant to be successful because they were just lucky. Luckiness is more than just a mere fortunate circumstances, it has everything to do with how an individual acts or behaves. The way they take life and deal with it. To lucky people, life is full of many opportunities; they don’t waste their time on things they cannot change. They spend their time exploring all that life brings their way. I absolutely believe in this article because I know a lot of happy people, people who take life less seriously, very optimistic and they are always happy. They tend to not focus on the bad, and could have been or would have been; they focus on what they do have and they are in content with whatever comes their way which make them seem lucky in life. When a person is always focused on what they don’t have, they fail to enjoy what they do have which makes them miserable.
Wednesday, November 16, 2011
This article was very interesting to read. I never really thought of luck in this sort of way. I always thought that people are just lucky or unlucky. I never really thought your attitude had much to do with it. I kind thought luck just happened. Personally, I do not have an luck charms or anything of that sort. But at the same time I won’t walk under a ladder or open an umbrella inside. I liked how he opened up a “luck school” for everyone. And the fact that it actually worked. This article also made me think of my friend. She is a very positive person and she always looks at the bright side of things. I would always think to myself man, she is really lucky. And she always tells me to be positive. After reading this article, the whole luck thing makes more sense to me. I now want to try to see if I follow what was said in the article if my luck will change. It makes sense that having a positive outlook on things will increase your luck in a way.
Tuesday, November 15, 2011
I found it very interesting that attitude can determine luck, but it all makes sense. A persons outlook on life and their reactions to events in their lives determines the type of person you are and how lucky you feel. Instead of being negative about an event in your life, you can always say "It could have been worse". Whenever I am disappointed about something in my life I say that and it makes me feel better. Wiseman also talks about changing routines may open doors and give you more opportunities. Change is good every once in a while and you never know what could happen. Also, the more open minded a person is seems to give them more luck because they notice other opportunities. Having an open mind for different things to happen is better than expecting just one thing to happen because you are less likely to be disappointed. I love this way of life and I hope to be able to live a positive life and be able to be more open minded. It is better to feel luck for the things we do have, rather than feel unlucky for the things we do not have.
Monday, November 14, 2011
Benefit Finding is looking for the positive aspects in any situation. In the article, Wiseman describes a bank robbery scene and asks "lucky" and "unlucky" people to explain how they would react: "they were waiting to be served in a bank. Suddenly, an armed robber enters
the bank, fires a shot, and the bullet hits them in the arm. Would this event be lucky or unlucky?
Unlucky people tended to say that this would be enormously unlucky and it would be just their bad luck to be in the bank during the robbery. In contrast, lucky people viewed the scenario as being far luckier, and often spontaneously commented on how the situation could have been far worse." This is a perfect example of benefit finding. People who are considered "lucky" were looking for the positive aspects in the situation and therefore would have been "luckier" than others if they had been in that situation. People who practice benefit finding look for the good in every situation and therefor are not upset and traumatized by situations. They are able to think clearly and benefit from every situation.
If we can all begin to practice this art, then we would see a dramatic change in our "luck". We all have the power to be happy and enjoy life. This article proves that with the right tools we can all make those changes to be "luckier".
Richard Wiseman's article, "The Luck Factor," was my favorite article so far. How many times do people blame good or bad luck for outcomes in their life? I know I do it all the time. For example, last week I had a horrible weekend. My car that I just finished paying off had to have a seven-hundred dollar repair, I accidentally stabbed myself in the hand with a knife, and I had a problem at work. I instantly blamed my luck. However, none of these things really have to do with luck. My car was preowned and this issue would have happened sooner or later, I was in a rush and was not being careful when I cut myself, and the issue at work was not my fault in any way. Everything that happens usually has an explanation, but it is just so much easier to blame it on bad luck.
If you think about it, luck is all based off of superstitions. People are always looking for ways to improve their luck. This has been going on for centuries. Have you ever known anyone that carried around a "lucky" rabbit's foot? How many times have you knocked on wood? These are nothing but silly superstitions that have been passed down through our many generations. They make us feel better about ourselves, maybe even a little safer. A lot of people believe in these superstitions. My own mother still gets upset if a black cat runs our in front of her car. There have been many tests done to prove that these superstitions really do not have any effect on our luck.
Wiseman talks about a test that a high school student, Mark Levin, conducted. He had to people test their luck in a coin tossing game. Then he persuaded a black cat to cross their path and tested their luck in this game again. Levin even had a different color cat cross their paths to see if it had any effect. This experiment concluded that neither cat had any effect on the participants luck.
Friday, November 11, 2011
Tuesday, November 8, 2011
This article also brought up an interesting point which I related to our class discussion. The author noted that Olympic athletes who win the bronze medal are actually happier then those who win the silver. Those who win silver tend to think if only they did a little bit better then they would have the gold. But on the other hand, those who win silver think, if I had done a little worse I wouldn't even have a medal. Even though the author relates this to luck, I thought about the grade analogy. If a student receives a B, they might be more upset because if they had done a little better the would have gotten an A. But if a student receives a C, they may not feel as badly about it.
Overall, I enjoyed the article and found his methods of measuring luck very interesting. I am glad that his luck school helped out those who felt extra unlucky. I am even going to keep this article in mind next time I find myself thinking about an unlucky event. I just have to turn it around and find out the good that came from it; just like the bank robbery example.
Monday, November 7, 2011
The Amygdala is a major component of the limbic system. It is located in the rostra aspect of the temporal lobe.
Major functions of this structure help regulate behavioral, visceral and affective processes that deal with the hypothalamus and the PAG in the midbrain. It is a pathway that includes the stria terminals which directly targets the medial hypothalamus from the medial Amygdala.
This structure can get damaged in seizures activity that involve the temporal lobe. I can produce olfactory hallucinations of unpleasant or unsatisfied smells.
The Amygdala is an almond shaped collection of nuclei. It is gathered deep in the temporal lobe. It is involved with many emotions and motivations that deal with survival. The Amygdala deals with processing emotions that deal with fear, anger and pressure. This structures other important job is dealing with determining what and where certain memories are stored in the brain. It is based on the size of the emotional response due to the occurring event.
The Amygdala has a thick larger known as the pyriform lobe which supports and supply’s a heavy input to the Amygdala and is functionally involved.
This structure also known as the Amygdala Complex is broken down into two components, the corticomedial group and the basolateral group. The corticomedial consists of cortical, medial, and an area of the basal nuclei which is located in the dorsal and medial view. The basolateral group consists of the lateral, central and the basal nuclei as well, except the lateral aspects is what is seen.
The Amygdala is said to be closely related to the pyriform lobe. The Amygdala has a afferent connection in which it is like the hippocampus formation, in which is receives input and information via the monoaminergic system. The afferent connection consists of the fibers sending arousal to the Amygdala and is linked to transmission of signals that deal with both olfactory (smell) and taste.
If the Amygdala is damaged for example is the Amygdala exerts potent non-balanced control over the visceral process of the hypothalamus a disease called Kluver-Bucy Syndrome can arise. Kluver-Bucy syndrome is a behavioral disorder that occurs when the right and left medial temporal lobes of the brain malfunction. The Amygdala in this case had been a damaged brain region in the pathway of the syndrome ( Heinrich Kluver and Paul Bucy).
Sunday, November 6, 2011
SELF ESTEEM IS AN IMPORTANT HUMAN NEED: By Maslow
Self-esteem is needed in everyone’s life. We all love to feel needed and wanted by the people around us. We grave for that respect from other people, which makes us feel important. People with low self-esteem are usually, not confident about any decisions they make. They also tend to make bad choices based on what they think others may like not what they like or want for themselves, is almost like they live for other people. They grave for attention and a sense of belonging from the people around them; especially the people they respect look up to or want to be like. Even though we don’t like to admit it, we all love attention or some kind of recognition from others. This makes us feel like we are worth something or have self-importance. Self-esteem is really important as part of the human need because of its great impact on our lives every day. Without it, we are not confident neither do we feel worth of anything or anyone. It has caused people to feel less than, therefore living their life as if they are not as human as everyone else. I personally know a lot of females who sleep around with a lot of men just to feel worthy because they do not feel this need within themselves, therefore they try to feel it by doing other things.
Friday, November 4, 2011
I can personally relate to this article, as I feel that I too exhibit both introversion and extroversion at given moments in my life. The concept of displaying the two "simultaneously" may seem questionable to some, but I believe it makes perfect sense for those whom this refers to. I am comfortable being sociable and full of octane as an extrovert as well as being quiet and deep-thinking as an introvert. I believe that both can be equally important to the functioning of a person, although it does not apply to every single person, nor should it.
Thursday, November 3, 2011
If any of you are curious, which I of course assume that you could care less, I am clearly an extrovert. I love being outgoing, meeting new people, and playing sports with other people. I think we all (even the extroverts) may experience a phase here and there where we feel the need to be alone from time to time but overall I love being around people. People interests me. They provide great feedback and ideas that you may never have thought of yourself. Plus it never hurts if you have been fortunate enough to surround yourself with a group core group of friends. Quite frankly, I could not imagine myself being an introvert, I would not know how to handle it, but hey if that’s how someone likes to live then more power to them.
When we talked about introverts and extraverts in class I was wondering if someone can be both introverted and extroverted. In my opinion, a person will be one or the other but in certain situations they may act differently. Just because a person is introverted it doesn’t mean they will never be outgoing in a situation. An introvert may prefer to do less socially active things but doesn’t mean that’s all they want to do. At times they may want to be alone but this doesn’t mean they never want to be around people. In my opinion, introverted people may act more outgoing around certain people because they feel more comfortable around those people and not around others. This also applies to extroverted people. They may be extroverts, but it doesn’t mean that they never want to spend time alone or with a small group of friends. Most of the time they will be with a large group of people and act assertive, and that’s what makes then extroverts.
On Tuesday in class we learned about sensation seekers. It was interesting to me to learn about the different aspects of this personality trait. According to the slides sensation seeking is, “a personality trait defined by the seeking of varied, novel, complex, and intense sensations and experiences.” People that have this trait are more likely to have different life experiences. The four parts of sensation seeking are, thrill and adventure seeking, experience seeking, disinhibition, boredom susceptibility.
One of the questions that was brought up in class was whether males are more likely than females to be sensation seekers. Here is what I was able to find from an article.
“According to University of Delaware psychologist Marvin Zuckerman, a leading authority on "sensation-seeking behavior," women are far less likely than men to risk their necks for the heck of it. You can blame the male thirst for reckless living on chemistry, in part. A quarter-century ago, researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health found that an enzyme in the brain called monoamine oxidase, or MAO, controls thrill-seeking behavior. The less MAO in your brain, the more likely you are to crave excitement and new experiences. As it turns out, men are more likely than women to have low levels of MAO.” -http://articles.latimes.com/2000/jan/10/health/he-52490
Wednesday, November 2, 2011
My friend is an introvert and she has a hard time working in groups, and would prefer to take classes with people she knows. She does not enjoy meeting new people, and she tries to avoid confrontation and awkward moments at all costs. She rarely ever complains and doesn't like drawing extra attention to herself. Unlike my friend, I'm an extrovert and behave very differently than her. When we are together I'm usually the one to speak up in situations, while she is hushing me in the background. I also don't have a problem socializing with people or getting to know new people. I find it very interesting to see the differences between our personalities, and the way we behave when placed in certain situations.
Below is a test you can take to see whether you are an extrovert or introvert.
Overall, I enjoyed taking a few minutes to complete the survey and I thought the results were very interesting.
Drives and needs refer to internal states that push a person into action to satisfy the drive or need. An interaction between an internal motive and an external incentive determines behavior. Psychological needs are a deficit of some psychological entity, while physiological needs happen when an internal body condition has deviated from a physiological set point. Drives are our internal pushing action of the physiological need.
Most humans are driven to defend ourselves. When we, ourselves, our loved ones, or our possessions are threatened... we are very quick to protect those things. It amazes me how there are people in the world who would not do whatever it takes to defend these things. There are those who sit back, and watch bad things happen all the time. What drives some of us internally to push for that physiological need of protecting others' feelings... and some people only want to protect their own?
Nine times out of ten it’s because of fear, not just the fear of the other persons reaction but the fear of their feelings getting hurt. Some people outweigh their worry of hurting someone else's feeling, and allow their own to be sacrificed. Maybe this is a matter of selfishness. Some people would rather protect their own feelings, than those of others. Selfishness is sign of weakness; It allows the person to protect their own feelings, rather than someone else's. The consequences of both can affect whether or not a person may defend himself or others. The overall problem is fear. Some of us fear a consequence will happen if they defend things they believe. Some people would rather take a personal hit to themselves, in order to protect others. External factors can force humans to alter their drive for protection in various ways. Some may call it selfishness, while others say that it is reality. This video below talks about the differences in the drive to defend yourself, versus defending others.