Although Shackleton is preparing the men for the winter when all the animals will go away, he is refusing "too much food" for the seamen to eat. He feels that by eating little portions, it will prepare them for the Winter. I feel like this is torture, yet workable. If the seamen eat a decent amount of food, it might hold them from hunger longer; however, the seamen will be in for a surprise when Winter comes and they are even hungrier because their body became accustomed to how much food they were eating. It's a win-lose situation. Also, when Shackleton orders the killing of dogs for food, it almost disgusts me. Dogs are animals, but for some people dogs are friends or a part of the family; they're tamed, loyal, helpful in the sense of smell and are keen. They're animals that society has accepted greatly and domestically in which shouldn't be killed for food. Why wouldn't Shackleton kill seals over dogs? The seamen were losing their friend to put food in their stomachs which seems harsh and disgusting. I don't think I would be able to do this and it sounds like the seamen are doubting their boss.