Operant learning known as operant conditioning is a type of learning methods used to reward children for their positive behavior and punishment when doing something wrong. The operant learning model starts with an idea that behavior is maintained by its consequences. Reinforcement is a formal term for consequences that maintain a given behavior. They’re two kinds of reinforcers known as a positive and negative reinforcer. Positive reinforcers increase the chances of a behavior occurring because something good is present following the desired behavior. Negative reinforcers increase the probability of behavior though the removal of averse stimuli. For example, giving a child a cookie after a tantrum is considered to be a negative reinforcement because the children know in the future when tantrums occur they will be rewarded with a cookie. An example of positive reinforcement is when a child is rewarded with a cookie for cleaning their room.
Heres a link further explaining Operant conditioning: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/wmopen-psychology/chapter/reading-operant-conditioning/