Many theories have been derived about the cause of motivation. According to Arthur Schopenhauer, action or behavior does not occur spontaneously but is induced by either internal motives or environmental incentives. Sigmund Freud believed that behavior occurred when neurons in the brain were able to achieve a lower level of energy. Freud hypothesized that cathexis was the accumulation of energy within the brain’s neurons. He theorized that cathexis served as both a source of energy as well as a motive for behavior. This is the essence of what I learned in class.
What I was interested in the most was the lesson on mate selection and the good gene hypothesis. It intrigued me because I really believed in this whole process of mate selection and I can see it happening in everyday life. Whether anyone wants to admit it or not, physical attractiveness is the first thing that captures the eye of a person and causes interest. Yes it is possible to get to know a person, and fall in love with them because of their personality but more often we are interested in somebody because we are physically attracted to them. Yes, with time beauty does fade, and a person may only be left with personality, but from the beginning physical attractiveness is the most important in my opinion. Everyone has a mate value based on the person’s possession of those desirable characteristics. The higher a person’s mate value, the more appealing he or she will be to another person. The good gene hypothesis states that an individual will mate with someone that is attractive, because physical attractiveness means that this person’s genes are healthy. The person assumes that somebody who is attractive will have good genes for health and fertility as well as intelligence. It is all about selecting the best mate in order to reproduce healthy offspring. However, what may be attractive to one person, can be completely opposite from another; “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder”.