When life becomes complicated and hectic what are the most efficient ways of adjusting? According to the text there are two main ways people cope with situations. One way is very healthy, but the other way some times is not. The two different ways of coping are Problem-Focused and Emotion-Focused. Problem-Focused is when one concentrates more on the issue to come up with a solution. Emotion-Focused may involve wishing the problem away, isolating oneself, blaming one self, or using optimism. Emotion-Focused can be a debilitating form of coping because it can often lead to substance abuse, or a tendency to over eat.
Social support can also be used as a coping mechanism. Personally, when I become overwhelmed, or upset I will always turn to my parents or my boyfriend. Even if no advice is given, I still feel better after explaining my feelings to someone close who I know will not be judgmental. The book also explains a study done by Cohen and Hoberman explains that students who had more social support were less stressed at college. Also, the book discusses a link of social support to the immune system. When I become anxious and stressed, I get the feeling of having a pit in my stomach and cannot relax. After talking to someone, my anxiety eases and I feel better.