Wednesday, May 25, 2011

chapter 1-4

     I believe the majority of our behavior as humans is driven by emotions. Stated within chapter one slide show knowledge, competence, and motivation are the key factors of behavior. Knowledge: how to perform the behavior- knowledge governed by experience. Competence: capable of doing the behavior- experience/ maturity. Motivation: impetus or reason for the behavior- nature vs. nurture. All components are necessary for behavior to occur as well as the things that I mentioned which can hinder the following mentioned in order for behavior to occur. Although I do believe the majority of human behavior is governed but thought and emotion which then is followed but actions there are always exception and those who don’t think before doing and who act on impulse. Also stated in the slide shows; Impulsiveness: tendency to choose immediate reward, influenced more by nearness of reward. Now varying from person to person and what an individual does on impulse can affect them negative or positively. Someone who made make a hasty decision such as moving transferring school joining the services but end up benefiting from it verses someone who makes a hasty decision to drive drunk or rob. People who have a tendency to behave on impulse need to learn self control. Defined in the slide shows self control: tendency to choose delayed rewards, influenced less by nearness of reward. Someone who has self control is someone who thoroughly thinks things through with the outcome and consequences of their actions.  Someone who has self control and self disciplined and knows appropriate time and places and way to act accordingly are successful people. According the slide show;   Benefits of self-control: higher grades, less alcohol use, better adjustment, better interpersonal relations.
      Therefore another benefit of self control being better interpersonal relations such has more successful relationships. Suggested by the slide shows; the Good gene hypothesis: beauty signals that the person has good genes for intelligence, good immune system, healthy babies, and good parenting. This going both for male and female and what the each seeks in the opposite sex for a partnership. Each desire someone also who is stable and will give them a sense of security but of course you need to be attracted to the individual. Standards of beauty are the same the world over: averageness, symmetry, sexual dimorphism (feminine, masculine). Women select mates to increase chance of survival of their few offspring. Men select mates to increase chance of producing many offspring Women prefer mates who have good financial prospects and are ambitious and industrious. These traits are needed to raise a family successfully. Men prefer mates who have good looks, which is indicative of fertility. Fertility is a trait that is needed to produce many children. In addition, to have a successful family, you need to successful individual in some sense of the term. Those who know how to behave, communicate, and who have self control in order to raise a happy and successful family.


  1.   In chapter 1, we discuss and define the different components and aspects that surround motivation. Motivation can be defined as a movement of action and/or behavior which can stimulate a change in behavior and/or action as per out lecture power point slides. An individual must be motivated by different sources or individualized reasons that can influence their behavior as well as outcome which a person’s motives are targeted towards.
      Our environment has become our basis and foundation that we base our internal or external incentives. In motivation we often talk about push and pull motivation, which with our psychological and physiological components along with our goals and desire to want to do something in order to complete a task(s). The psychological and physiological aspect on motivation can be looked at as “motives” and goal orientation is geared towards “incentives”.
      I believe that in order for someone to complete a task at hand you have to have self determination and the will power to want to complete. For example when I read this chapter it reminded me of wanting to lose weight or either gain weight. A person has to have a positive psychological perspective in order to even jump start his or her weight lose program. There could be several things that may have intervened on a person’s life which can have taken a downfall or the turn for the worst and that individual is not going to have the energy or time to pursue a goal. 
      I know I had a personal experience of just recently showing and telling others that I lack motivation in this area of weight loss because I want to lose weight because I am getting married next year but ever since I had went through surgery in November and lost my job it has really been tough to want to strive to lose the weight. I feel like I do not have it in me to want to do this but I know that I really do in a different aspect. Like that similar to the Aristotle's theory my trigger is the need for snacks which is my cause of my behavior of motivation. According to lecture slides our hypothalamus located in our brain is our trigger to hunger and plays a significant role.
      I found it interesting when read about "unconscious motivation" and how it can relate to Freud's theories of the conscious and the unconscious mind. Freud spoke of in this particular chapter on his viewpoint and the understanding of what he perceived to be motivating in humans. Metaphors of using analogies that consist of an idea of adjoining rooms in order to get a clearer picture of the motivation stands for through the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious was quite interesting. I think it's interesting because usually Freud would identify these components into the idea of a picture of an iceberg and how each part is idealized as the unconscious etc.
      Similar to a person’s need for self control of entertaining their trigger of food is similar to someone who may suffer from an addiction whether its substance and/or alcohol abuse or the use of both. I currently work as an as needed employee at an agency that deals with individuals that may have a history of both alcohol or substance abuse and these two components when mixed is a recipe for disaster. One of my clients just so happened to be a friend I went to high school with and could not believe the stories that she told me that she surrounded herself with cocaine, marijuana, and alcohol. She would often tell me that when she took drugs or the moment she knew that she was going to have drugs available to her. This is when she felt at her best both psychologically and physically she felt like that is when she looked beautiful because of her weight loss.